the friends of public and private faith, and of public and personal liberty, that our governments
are too unstable, that the public good is disregarded in the conflicts of rival parties, and that
measures are too often decided, not according to the rules of justice and the rights of the minor
party, but by the superior force of an interested and overbearing majority.
Nowhere does Madison juxtapose “personal liberty” and slavery. People compete to gain preeminence and power for their own interests. Those with common interests naturally associate into minorities, and there can be a majority group. Democracies favor the majority at the expense of the other citizens. However, the Constitution proposes a republic, wherein patriotic, highly moral representatives consider their constituents yet maintain the long-term good for everyone.