Incentives to attend the third annual Ratification Day celebration, Bluebonnet Library, June 21, 6:30 PM and to enter the writing contest. See theadvocate.com/calendar#/details/Third-Annual-Ratification-Day-Celebration/2329003/2016-06-21T18 .
In the big picture, religion, a cultural practice for hope against universal uncertainty, is a private subset of civic morality—the human pursuit of safety and security so that personal pursuits may be possible. The key to safety and security is civic collaboration, which the preamble to the constitution for the USA suggests to each reader. If ratification had not occurred, the preamble might not be such celebrated sentence, neglected as it is.
United States history has been dominated by Christianity. The Doctrine of Discovery, initiated in fifteenth century papal bulls and then copied by at least three Western European kings instituted invasion of native lands and African slave trade to supply colonial labor. Loyal British colonials realized they were being enslaved and in the Declaration of Independence used the tacit war cry, "Nature and . . . Nature's God" will defeat your god. Eleven years later, men tried to create governance by a civic people, as written in the preamble to the constitution for the USA. But the first Congress restored British common law for the new form of government under factional Protestant gods. Slave-states ration was then 8:5 but in 1861 it inverted to 15:19, and some slave states with a ratio of 7:27 claimed "our Bible interpretation will defeat your Bible interpretation," or our Christian god will defeat your Christian god. Now, some portion of black church claims our black god will beat your white god. But the physics of slavery--chains, whips, guns, brutality and burdens--informs humankind that Christianity has not standing in the issue: Christianity is wrong and has been for 2000 years.
Global background respecting opinion versus physics
A Civic People of the United States (CPUS)
Copyright©2016 by Phillip R. Beaver. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted for the publication of all or portions of this paper as long as this complete copyright notice is included. Revised May 19, 2016